Elsewhere for October 5, 2019

You should read this for 10/5/2019:

Art and Film

Leonardo da Vinci, Notebook (”The Codex Arundel”) The British Library has placed high quality digital images of the entire Da Vinci notebook (a compilation) online.

Notebook of Leonardo da Vinci (”The Codex Arundel”). A collection of papers written in Italian by Leonardo da Vinci (b. 1452, d. 1519), in his characteristic left-handed mirror-writing (reading from right to left), including diagrams, drawings and brief texts, covering a broad range of topics in science and art, as well as personal notes. The core of the notebook is a collection of materials that Leonardo describes as ”a collection without order, drawn from many papers, which I have copied here, hoping to arrange them later each in its place according to the subjects of which they treat” (f. 1r), a collection he began in the house of Piero di Braccio Martelli in Florence, in 1508. To this notebook has subsequently been added a number of other loose papers containing writing and diagrams produced by Leonardo throughout his career. Decoration: Numerous diagrams.

Books, Writing, and Language

This young Maryland chemist brews up artisanal fountain pen ink in his shed

Thompson founded his side business, Organics Studio, in a college dorm. Today his inks are bought by customers around the country who prize the bright, jewel-like colors he concocts.

The surpising Origins of the Phrase ‘You Guys Interesting discussion of the origins and derivation of “guys”, though it’s slightly inaccurate about the history of pronouns in English. Old English or Anglo-Saxon has a dual pronoun, used to refer to two people as a linked unit.


College Students Just Want Normal Libraries

Survey data and experts suggest that students generally appreciate libraries most for their simple, traditional offerings: a quiet place to study or collaborate on a group project, the ability to print research papers, and access to books. Notably, many students say they like relying on librarians to help them track down hard-to-find texts or navigate scholarly journal databases. “Google can bring you back 100,000 answers,” as the writer Neil Gaiman once said. “A librarian can bring you back the right one.”

Food and Drink

Via Elise Bauer of Simply Recipes: Pot Roast

History and Archaeology

Elizabeth I’s lost dress to go on display at Hampton Court Palace “Tudor queen’s ‘cloth of silver’ had been used as an altar cloth in a church in Bacton, Herefordshire”

Roman fort discovered under Exeter bus station

“This discovery of yet another new Roman fort within the city does demonstrate, along with that of the fortress and baths back in the 1970s and of several other new major military sites in the last decade, just how pivotal a role the Exeter area played in the first decades of the Roman conquest and subjugation of Britain.”

The Burnt City And Its Mysterious Prehistoric Inhabitants “Once the Burnt City, (original name: Shahr-e-Sookhteh) was the largest prehistoric city of Iran. Its inhabitants were of unknown origin.” 5000 years ago women were in control in Burnt City

Science and Nature

Via Benedict Evans’ Newsletter: @benedictevans:

Dreaming octopus changes colors as it sleeps


‘Eventually I knew she was no longer safe alone’: how do we care for family with dementia?

Don’t let patient care interfere with documentation

Now, however, the record is also the principal way physicians document what they did so they can get paid for it. Patient care is not at all part of that consideration. The record is also the main source for defending what you did, say in court, if you are challenged or sued. The result is that documentation, doctors entering things in the record, has eaten more and more of our time. Patients and families know this well, and the chorus of complaints about it is rising. Doctors may only rarely make eye contact these days as they stare at a computer screen and type or click boxes. But we don’t have much choice if we are to get the crucial documentation done. That’s how we (and our hospitals) are paid, and payers are demanding more and more complex and arcane documentation. I don’t know what the answer is, but I do think we are approaching a breaking point. We are supposed to see as many patients as we can. But the rate-limiting step is documentation.


The troubling world of WiFi toxicity truthers on Instagram

What’s more, the definitive long-term study of the effects of electromagnetic radiation show no correlation between exposure to this type of radiation and cancer rates; a 2015 study from the EU’s Scientific Committees came to the same conclusion. That hasn’t stopped the public from conflating dangerous (ionizing) and benign (non-ionizing) radiation.

Women’s Work

Human All Too Human: A Roman Woman Visits the Great Pyramid in 120 AD, and Carves a Poem in Memory of Her Deceased Brother

Rabbits may hold key to solving mystery of human female orgasm

Periods: Can women sharing stories break down taboos? hashtag #FreePeriodStories

💩🔥💰 Trumpery 💩🔥💰

Robert Reich: Trump can do more damage than Nixon. His impeachment is imperative

Barr is not working for the United States. He’s working for Trump, just like Rudy Giuliani and all the other lapdogs, toadies and sycophants.

Two linguists explain why calling the Ukraine memo a “transcript” is so wrong

Calling it a transcript influences the way the public, at the end of this chain of recontextualizations, interprets the memo—even if the fine print specifies that it isn’t actually verbatim, the way it’s recontextualized matters. Keeping this in mind, readers of the memo shouldn’t imagine themselves as a fly on the wall in the Situation Room. Even a true transcript is only a partial representation of a conversation, and calling this document a transcript leads readers to interpret it as a complete record of what occurred, when it cannot be.

Trump impeachment inquiry: Ukraine ex-minister rejects Biden claim

Ukraine’s former Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin has categorically rejected claims by Donald Trump concerning Mr Trump’s Democratic rival Joe Biden.
Mr Trump has alleged, without evidence, that Mr Biden pressed for the sacking of a Ukrainian prosecutor to protect a business that employed his son.
Mr Klimkin told the BBC that the prosecutor was sacked for corruption.

300 former US national security officials signed a letter supporting the impeachment. They described Mr Trump’s actions as a “national security concern”, and said he appeared to have committed “an unconscionable abuse of power”.

Top Defense Democrat Says Lawmakers Forced Trump’s Hand on Ukraine Aid

“We approved the money. The president signed it and we just assumed it was going out,” the Washington state Democrat tells All Things Considered’s Mary Louise Kelly. “Then we started to hear from a variety of people that it was not going out.”

That money had been blocked by the White House, but Smith says neither the Pentagon nor the executive branch made Congress aware of that decision. “It is very unusual that we would not be notified,” he adds. “They certainly move money around a lot and make decisions that are not completely in keeping with what we’ve passed, but they always tell us and they also have a legal justification for doing it. Neither was true in this case.”

The Scandal Has Spiraled Out of Trump’s Control

It’s clear now that the president, his vice president, and several of his top, Senate-confirmed aides—as well as his personal lawyer cum private foreign minister, Rudy Giuliani— have spent significant time over the past year trying to pressure foreign governments into producing stories that can aid in Trump’s reelection.

Pay It Forward and Make It Better

I don’t really knit, though I keep trying to be a better knitter. But this post from stationary blogger and knitter Laura Cameron features a free pattern for a shawl, and a second free pattern for a lovely hat to knit.

Elsewhere for September 28, 2019

You should read this for 9/28/2019:

Art and Film

Via Benjamin Mayo: Watch All The Apple TV Aerial Video Screensavers These new screen savers are stunning. Honestly, these are almost enough on their own for me to want an Apple TV as a streaming situation

Books, Writing, and Language

Wood-case pencils—there’s a lot more variety in terms of wooden pencils, and much higher quality than Ticonderoga, for surprisingly little money.


Use Minecraft to Teach Your Kids Pretty Much Anything

The era of schoolchildren being forced to buy crappy $100 calculators is nearing its end

Texas Instruments’ TI-84 is an obsolete piece of crap: a 1980s design updated to 1990s technology made with 2000s penny parts and sold for more than $100 a pop to children all but forced to buy them. TI is a notorious lobbyist and has sought laws big and small to maintain this status quo, from mandatory Algebra courses with mandatory TI-84s to examination rules that allow its devices and no others. But the racket is falling apart under pressure from superior alternatives and growing resentment among teachers and students.

Food and Drink

How to Make Simple Syrup Simple syrup is used in a wide variety of cocktails, and it’s easy (and affordable) to make at home. Simple Syrup is also great to have on hand for iced coffee, or to infuse with flavors (lemon or mint or ginger) to use in food and drink.

The Negroni A classic cocktail featuring equal parts of gin, Campari, and Vermouth.

History and Archaeology

Map of Scots women accused of witchcraft published for first time

A map that tracks more than 3,000 Scots women who were accused of being witches in the 16th and 17th Century has been published for the first time.
The interactive document has been created by data experts at the University of Edinburgh.


Missing mail: As postcards celebrate 150 years, they’re also disappearing

You can’t be ‘impartial’ about racism – an open letter to the BBC on the Naga Munchetty ruling

On 17 July 2019, Dan Walker, a host on BBC Breakfast, commented that a woman had shared a similar experience of being told to “go home” and that he found that remark “telling”. Walker added that the person in question had never been told that by the “man sitting in the Oval Office”.
Walker asked his co-host Naga Munchetty how she felt, inviting personal commentary. . . . When asked by Walker how she felt about Trump’s remarks, she replied “furious”. “Absolutely furious and I can imagine lots of people in this country will be feeling absolutely furious a man in that position thinks it’s OK to skirt the lines by using language like that.” On 25 September, the BBC’s Editorial Complaints Unit (ECU) found Munchetty had breached the corporation’s guidelines in issuing this remark.

In response, a group of POC who work in UK broadcasting and media point out: “Racism is not a valid opinion on which an “impartial” stance can or should be maintained.”


Developer takes down Ruby library after he finds out ICE was using it

“I have a moral and ethical obligation to prevent my source from being used for evil,” Vargo wrote on the now-empty Chef Sugar GitHub repository.

Nilay Patel on Apple’s iPhone 11Apple Iphone 11 Pro And Pro Max Review: The Battery Life Is Real

But after using an iPhone 11 Pro and iPhone 11 Pro Max for the past week, I think they’re more than the sum of several lightly updated parts. These are some of the most well-balanced, most capable phones Apple — or anyone — has ever made. They have excellent battery life, processors that should keep them relevant for years to come, absolutely beautiful displays, and a new camera system that generally outperforms every other phone, which should get even better with a promised software update later this fall.

Oct17 Wooden Alarm Clock I just bought this under $20.o0 very basic wooden digital alarm clock. It’s attractive, has a small footprint, a battery backup, and the display can be turned off completely util you activate it by sound or touch.

Women’s Work

The Unkillable Myth of Period Syncing

For a phenomenon that’s highly unlikely to be real, period syncing has enjoyed an impressively long life in the popular imagination. Every now and again, news stories and listicles pop up to inform the public that no, actually, period synchronization as a result of prolonged proximity is not a thing, but the fictional story lines and offhand jokes persist nonetheless.

Jerks ‘Reporting’ Women Who Swipe Left On Them In Tinder, Once Again Highlighting How Content Moderation Gets Abused

💩🔥💰 Trumpery 💩🔥💰

Via TPM: Rectification of Names

t is clear purely on the basis of what is now undisputed in the record that the President and Rudy Giuliani are guilty of a criminal abuse of power and that most or all of the President’s top national security advisors have been complicit in and quite likely participated in that criminal activity.

The Trump-Ukraine scandal is a taste of how dirty the US elections will get

To be clear, the only scandal involving Ukraine is that Trump openly admits that he repeatedly pressed a foreign leader for dirt on his political opponents ahead of a presidential election. For the second election in a row. Only this time, he could use the promise of military and foreign aid to grease his request.

Regarding the references to CrowdStrike and a server: Per “transcript,” Trump seems to think DNC-hired security firm is from Ukraine

Trump has previously referred to CrowdStrike as a Ukrainian company. The reference to the server appears to be related to a conspiracy theory that one of the DNC’s servers had been hidden from the FBI. But CrowdStrike’s co-founder, Dmitri Alperovitch, is a US citizen of Russian heritage, and the company is based in the United States and is publicly traded on the NASDAQ exchange.

Pay It Forward and Make It Better

LGBT Muslim festival: ‘We don’t just have one identity’

“Not only with the Muslim community, but also with other religious communities, we’re being told to choose between our religion and our queer identity,” she says.

Thomas Cook collapse: Woman raises funds for staff on flight

Video: Boo, you need to learn to jump.

New York Met museum returns stolen ancient Egyptian coffin

The 2,100-year-old coffin of a priest called Nedjemankh was featured in an exhibit housing artefacts from Egypt.
The stolen antique was sold to the museum by a global art trafficking network, which used fraudulent documents, officials said. The gilded coffin was looted and smuggled out of Egypt in 2011.

Elsewhere for September 21, 2019

You should read this for 9/21/2019:

Art and Film

New Zealand insect named after hobbit Frodo Baggins from Lord of the Rings “The newly classified species Psylla Frodobaggins is found on the South Island, where the Tolkein movies were filmed”

‘Exquisite’ 800-year-old Christ figure displayed in its spiritual home

When the monasteries were dissolved in the 16th century by Henry VIII, someone evidently managed to hide the figure.
It was rediscovered in 1826, just before the Yorkshire Philosophical Society acquired the land – on the site of the old abbey – to build the Yorkshire Museum. What happened afterwards is hazy. The figure seems to have disappeared for 100 years before making its way into a private German collection in the 1920s.

Martin Scorsese Makes a List of 85 Films Every Aspiring Filmmaker Needs to See

Books, Writing, and Language

The Library That’s Also an Art Gallery

When I asked La Rosee what the public has to say now that the library has been up and running for two years, she said they report back that all these spaces in the new library contribute to the sense that this is a “hub of Winston-Salem in touch with the people” (her emphasis).

Nearly every other library I have visited in the past six years welcomes homeless people who spend their days there. Winston-Salem has addressed its homeless patrons in a creative way. The library was awarded a $150,000 multiyear grant from the state, provided by funds from the Library Services and Technology Act, for staff to learn how to help the homeless with job-readiness strategies and skills, and it hired a permanent peer-support specialist to work with homeless individuals to help them navigate through their often complex set of challenges, from housing and financial assistance to medical services and mental-health counseling.


Phil Christman’s review of Why They Can’t Write by John WarnerSo You Want to Be a Writer?

Food and Drink

A Guide to Fall’s Most Underutilized Fruit: The Almighty Fig

How To Make Potato Leek Soup

Potato Leek Soup is a classic! Nothing’s better than a bowl of hearty potato soup on a chilly day. And it’s easy, too! No cream needed, just purée the soup to make it thick and creamy.

History and Archaeology

A Moment in (Local) History: Stoddard’s Unknown Soldier, by Alan F. Rumrill

Great Irish Famine – what the starving were eating

“The Great Irish Famine was one of the worst subsistence crises in history but it was foremost a social disaster induced by the lack of access to food and not the lack of food availability.”

Science and Nature

Total recall: A brilliant memory helps chickadees survive

NASA’s Juno orbiter has captured an eclipse on Jupiter “On Sept. 12, Juno sent back a scene from a close orbit of 8,000 kilometers. Data processed into a color image shows Jupiter’s moon Io casting a shadow over the planet.” Do check the stunning image.

Insecticides May Be Giving Songbirds Anorexia and Delaying Their Migrations

The Real Danger of Booze-Making Gut Bacteria

The man’s troubles began in 2004, when, having moved from China to attend college in Australia, he got really drunk. That would hardly have been a noteworthy event, except the man hadn’t consumed any alcohol—only fruit juice.

The Quiet Disappearance of Birds in North America

A new study, which analyzed decades of data on North American birds, estimates that the continent’s bird populations have fallen by 29 percent since 1970. That’s almost 3 billion fewer individuals than there used to be, five decades ago.


Dark crystals: the brutal reality behind a booming wellness craze

WeWork and the Great Unicorn Delusion

LA is going to get cheap nighttime power from a massive solar and battery array in the Mojave

LA’s next source of energy: a massive solar panel and lithium battery array in the Mojave, operated by 8minute Solar Energy, and capable of supplying 6-7% of the city’s energy budget, with four hours of nighttime use. It will cost an eye-poppingly low $0.03.3/kWh, cheaper than natural gas.

The otherwise unambiguously good news has one sore-spot: it was opposed by LA Water and Power workers’ unions, who are upset that the natural gas plants where their members work are being decommissioned by the city.
It’s a perfect example of why the Green New Deal is so right to put the emphasis on working with energy sector workers to ensure that they have good jobs through the green transition.


Via Michael Tsai: The Internet Relies on People Working for Free

Via NPR: People Are Looking At Your LinkedIn Profile. They Might Be Chinese Spies

Innovation and National Security: Keeping Our Edge ““Security is like oxygen, if have it you don’t pay attention to it.’ We’ve stopped paying attention to it.”

We also have a cultural problem that we need to recognize. While there always has been a gap between the policy and technology communities, political disputes over immigration, climate change, and other issues have widened the distance. Silicon Valley and Washington increasingly view each other with distrust. And that slow the progress of both advancing technology as well as hinders national security.

Mike Bombich: An analysis of APFS enumeration performance on rotational hard drives

• If Apple doesn’t make some concessions in the APFS filesystem to accommodate the slower seek performance of HDD devices, then a rotational device will never be able to provide acceptable performance as a production macOS startup disk.

Women’s Work

‘The Personification Of Human Decency’: Nina Totenberg Remembers Cokie Roberts I remember listing to

💩🔥💰 Trumpery 💩🔥💰

Will 💩🔥💰 concede if he loses in 2020?

Pay It Forward and Make It Better

Woman befriends a teeny hummingbird

Video: Human chain rescues stranded dolphins “The 14-person strong wall encouraged the dolphins to sea after being stranded in a canal in St. Petersburg in Florida for days.”

How to redecorate homes for people with dementia

Elsewhere for September 14, 2019

You should read this for 9/14/2019:

Art Music and Film

According to the RIAA: Vinyl set to outsell CDs for first time since 1986

. . . despite vinyl’s growing popularity in relation to CD sales, it still accounts for a relatively small percentage of overall music purchasing.
The RIAA report says that in the first half of 2019, vinyl record sales accounted for only 4% of overall revenues. Paid subscriptions to streaming services like Spotify and Apple Music, meanwhile, accounted for 62%.

The Greatest Cut in Film History: Watch the “Match Cut” Immortalized by Lawrence of Arabia


Tennessee Lawmaker Calls For Removal Of Higher Education æ A Republican Tennessee lawmaker says he supports getting rid of higher education because he argues it would cut off the “liberal breeding ground.”

Food and Drink

A Mussels Recipe that Pairs Perfectly with Wine The recipe calls for garlic, ginger, turmeric and and cumin, among other ingredients.

Sausage, Peppers, and Onions “Once cooked, the sausage, peppers, and onions will easily keep for 3 to 4 days in the fridge, but you can also freeze it for up to 3 months.”

Fettuccine Alfredo

Why Wasabi Heat Feels Different From Chili Pepper Heat

History and Archaeology

Norway’s Melting Glaciers Release Over 2,000 Artifacts

Archaeologists from the United Kingdom and Norway have surveyed the edges of glaciers in Norway’s highest mountains in Oppland since 2011 as part of the Glacier Archaeology Program and its Secrets of the Ice Project. They’ve uncovered thousands of objects that date as far back as 4,000 B.C., including wooden skis, near complete bronze-age arrows and wooden shafts, Viking swords, clothing and the skulls of pack horses.

Earliest direct evidence of milk consumption “The team identified milk protein entombed in calcified dental plaque (calculus) on the teeth of prehistoric farmers from Britain.”

How Black Americans Were Robbed of Their Land

Over the course of the 20th century, black Americans have lost approximately 12 million acres of land. This mass land dispossession—a war waged by deed of title, which has affected 98 percent of black farmers—can only be called theft, says Atlantic writer Vann R. Newkirk II in a new documentary.


Via The Loop: We recreated every Apple wallpaper

My friends and I visited and recreated every default Apple wallpaper on a one week road trip. Starting with MacOS Mojave in Death Valley National Park, we traveled to each of Apple’s California Locations to try and make an identical photo to their wallpapers that come installed with every new Mac computer.

AppleCare+ offers indefinite Monthly charge for iPhone, iPad and Apple Watch

Women’s Work

💩🔥💰 Trumpery 💩🔥💰

Can Elizabeth Warren turn a supposed weakness into a strength?

If a racist slur, based on a non-proven allegation, made by a well-known and corrupt liar, and directed at an accomplished woman, can determine the outcome of a presidential election, then US voters deserve four more years of the 💩🔥💰 circus.


Even if you’re an outright bigot (and if you voted for him, you are) you ought to be outraged by Trump at this point. He’s politicized the goddamn weather.

See: Trump demanded retraction after NWS disputed his false hurricane claim

Pay It Forward and Make It Better

Elsewhere For September 6, 2019

You should read this for 9/7/2019:

Art and Film

Crazy Rich Asians co-writer quits after being offered eighth of writer’s salary “Adele Lim exited after learning Peter Chiarelli stood to earn $800,000 to $1m while she would make ‘$110,000-plus’” .bq

Books, Writing, and Language

Audiobooks or Reading? To Our Brains, It Doesn’t Matter

In a study published in the Journal of Neuroscience, researchers from the Gallant Lab at UC Berkeley scanned the brains of nine participants while they read and listened to a series of tales from “The Moth Radio Hour.” After analyzing how each word was processed in the the brain’s cortex, they created maps of the participants’ brains, noting the different areas helped interpret the meaning of each word.

Could language be the key to detecting fake news? Part of me wants to roll my eyes; this is something I learned to do in my twenties. Back in the dark ages, we called it close reading and rhetorical analysis. I spent much of life teaching undergraduates and others how to do this.

Food and Drink

Via Brown-Eyed Baker: Thick And Chewy Chocolate Chip Cookies “These large, bakery-style thick and chewy chocolate chip cookies stay soft for days and are a huge family favorite. Made with melted butter, a high brown sugar to white sugar ratio, and an extra egg yolk to ensure super soft cookies, they require NO chilling time and are the perfect after-school snack.”

Via Tim O’Reilly and Eater: Everything You Need to Know About Hotdish “All about the nostalgic Upper Midwest staple”

H/T Heather G: Lemon Blueberry Cake

The Perfect Time to Get Into Bread Making is Right Now

Enter my favorite bread recipe, which is an adaptation of Alexandra Stafford’s mom’s truly excellent Peasant Bread recipe. I will never shut up about it. This isn’t just no-knead bread—it’s same-day no-knead bread. In a roughly 72ºF kitchen, the dough rises in less than two hours; once that’s done, you scrape it into a buttered pan and let it rise again while your oven preheats. It bakes for 30-40 minutes, after which you’ll have soft, springy bread with a buttery crust—perfect for sandwiches, croutons, dipping in stews, or the last few tomato mayo toasts of the season.

History and Archaeology

Dead Sea scrolls study raises new questions over texts’ origins “Salts used on Temple scroll are not common to Dead Sea region, researchers find”

Science and Nature

Malaria breakthrough as scientists find ‘highly effective’ way to kill parasite

One of Nature’s Greatest Spectacles Is Coming Undone “Corals release their eggs and sperms with perfect synchronization. But a new study suggests their incredible timing is starting to slip.”


Two links about the iOS Website based attack discovered by Google, and patched almost immediately by Apple in February of 2019. First H/T Benedict Evans: Sources say China used iPhone hacks to target Uyghur Muslims

A number of malicious websites used to hack into iPhones over a two-year period were targeting Uyghur Muslims, TechCrunch has learned.
Sources familiar with the matter said the websites were part of a state-backed attack — likely China — designed to target the Uyghur community in the country’s Xinjiang state.

See also The Guardian: : Uighurs in China were target of two-year iOS malware attack – reports And Volexity (H/T @reneritchie) points out that Google isn’t really reporting as fully as they should; Digital Crackdown: Large Scale Surveillance and Exploitation of Uyghurs And Apple has responded:

Google’s post, issued six months after iOS patches were released, creates the false impression of “mass exploitation” to “monitor the private activities of entire populations in real time,” stoking fear among all iPhone users that their devices had been compromised. This was never the case.

Tim O’Reilly: Antitrust regulators are using the wrong tools to break up Big Tech

Amazon also competes with its merchants for visibility on its platform, and charges them additional fees for favored placement. And because Amazon is now leading with featured products rather than those its customers think are the best, its merchants are incentivized to advertise on the platform. Amazon’s fast-growing advertising business is thus a kind of tax on its merchants.

These giants don’t just compete on the basis of product quality and price—they control the market through the algorithms and design features that decide which products users will see and be able to choose from. And these choices are not always in consumers’ best interests.

SpaceX Refused To Move A Starlink Satellite At Risk Of Collision With A European Satellite

When I Took My Zipcar Into the Wilderness “In an area without cellphone reception, I was unable to open the car.”

Craig Hockenberry: iCloud Clusterfuck

But there are many folks that are just looking to get the new and shiny features. In past iOS beta releases, Apple hasn’t suffered too much from this because the early software was relatively stable. Maybe you got some dropped calls or bad battery life, but it was nothing too serious.
These early adopters installed iOS 13 and expected a similar experience. They also weren’t using an iCloud test account, so any instability in the beta release propagated bad data to their other devices.
Developers have long known to unhook external drives when testing a new OS release. Shit happens, and that’s OK because it’s a beta and we expect a bumpy road.

Brent Simmons: On My Funny Ideas About What Beta Means

Kirk McElhearn: How to Manage Audiobooks in a Post-iTunes World

Thirty Years of Fetch

Women’s Work

Life began for me as a queer teenager amid the happy excesses of Great Yarmouth “This was where I came to understand the power and burden of my sexuality – and I revisited the place in all three of my books”

H/T Lisa C: A Century of “Shrill”: How Bias in Technology Has Hurt Women’s Voices

With the large number of women running for President this year, the word “shrill” is enjoying a resurgence in the national vocabulary, following its previous heyday, as an insult hurled at Hillary Clinton during the 2016 Presidential campaign. This spike in usage is hardly a revelation; women who speak publicly and challenge authority have long been dismissed as “shrill” or “grating.” What’s less widely understood is how the design of the technology that transmits human voices has shaped this gendered invective since the dawn of the broadcast era: everything from microphones to modes of transmission have been optimized for lower voices.

💩🔥💰 Trumpery 💩🔥💰

💩🔥💰 Administration Reverses Standards For Energy-Efficient Lightbulbs

Last March, NPR’s Jeff Brady reported, “Thanks to a 2007 law signed by President George W. Bush, shelves these days are largely stocked with LED bulbs that look more like the traditional pear-shape incandescent version but use just one-fifth the energy. A second wave of lightbulb changes was set to happen. But now the Trump administration wants to undo an Obama-era regulation designed to make a wide array of specialty lightbulbs more energy-efficient.”

💩🔥💰 is actively doing every thing he can do encourage climate change and increased use of energy.

The Big Reveal Flying Under The Radar In The Lawsuit For 💩🔥💰’s Tax Returns Umm … There’s A Whistleblower About the President’s Tax Returns

There’s a whistleblower who says 💩🔥💰’s appointees are interfering with the mandatory audit of the President’s tax returns. That’s a big deal quite apart from how it affects the tax returns lawsuit!

Judge Orders White House To Restore Reporter’s Press Pass It Illegally Removed

The court focuses mainly on the 5th Amendment due process claims, noting that those alone suffice to show that Karem is correct here. The judge goes into great detail about how the White House never did anything to suggest special decorum rules for these events, and thus the decision to ban Karem was arbitrary. The White House brought up all sorts of bizarre explanations insisting that it had provided adequate notice to Karem, but the judge points out that’s just not true.

Air Force crew made an odd stop on a routine trip: 💩🔥💰’s Scottish resort

Taken together, the incidents raise the possibility that the military has helped keep Trump’s Turnberry resort afloat — the property lost $4.5 million in 2017, but revenue went up $3 million in 2018.

Pay It Forward and Make It Better

H/T Lisa C.: Black Engineer Invents Gloves That Turn Sign Language into Audible Speech

Crops under solar panels can be a win-win

Finally, the cherry tomatoes saw a 65% increase in CO2 uptake and a 65% increase in water-use efficiency. They produced twice as much fruit while using the same amount of water.

How to Buy Energy-Efficient Lightbulbs

“Together, these bulb actions could cost the average U.S. household more than $100 per year, adding $14 billion to Americans’ annual energy bills as of 2025, and require at least 25 power plants’ worth of extra electricity annually,” the Natural Resources Defense Council writes on its website, in response to the rollback.

Elsewhere for August 31, 2019

Books, Writing, and Language and Libraries

A Novel Concept: Silent Book Clubs Offer Introverts A Space To Socialize “The concept is simple yet revolutionary: Members meet up at a bar, a library, a bookstore or any venue that will host them. Once the bell rings, silent reading time commences. After an hour, the bell rings again.”

The Idea That Whites Can’t Refer to the N-Word “It’s long been accepted that the slur shouldn’t be used by white people to refer to black people. What about referring to the word itself?”

How A Group Of Syrian Residents Assembled A Secret Library

When the Public Feared That Library Books Could Spread Deadly Diseases

“The death of Miss Jessie Allan is doubly sad because of the excellent reputation which her work won for her and the pleasant affection which all librarians who knew her had come to feel for her, and because her death has given rise to a fresh discussion as to the possibility of infection from contagious diseases through library books


Via Life Hacker: The Ultimate List of Work and Study Music

Professor who quoted James Baldwin’s use of N-word cleared by university

Food and Drink

How to Find Your New Favorite Orange Liqueur

Via Simply Recipes: How to Make Bacon in the Oven I’ve been enjoying (and baking) bacon in the oven for a few years now, but this is another source that suggests putting the bacon in a cold over (rather than pre-heating the oven) for crisper bacon.

Via Elise Bauer and Simply Recipes: Oatmeal Chocolate Chip Cookies “Oatmeal and chocolate chips are great together. Add in some pecans and coconut and we’re pretty excited. But it’s the brown butter that take these cookies over the top!”

History and Archaeology

New research challenges the origin of ‘The Egtved girl’

Revived: the 1930s London gay members’ club raided by police

Science and Nature

Massive pumice ‘raft’ spotted in the Pacific could help replenish Great Barrier Reef “The 150 sq km field of floating rock was created by an underwater volcanic eruption near Tonga”

YouTube BBC Video: The Raven: Stealing, Spying and Bluffing | Extraordinary Animals | BBC Earth


Via Life Hacker: Keep Your Space Clean With Regular ‘Purge’ Days

Like a lot of good ideas, this one requires you to schedule a specific day and time. Just do it.

The Guardian view on Gamergate: when hatred escaped “Five years after an online movement based on male rage started, its destructive effects have leached into our politics and daily lives”

Amazon’s indigenous warriors take on invading loggers and ranchers


Dynamic Wallpaper Club

Women’s Work

‘A lot of the England team still haven’t apologised’: Eni Aluko on life after whistleblowing

I’m a medical student, and I’m gay. Work would be simpler if I were heterosexual

Japan’s #KuToo movement is fighting back against regressive dress codes for women

💩🔥💰 Trumpery 💩🔥💰

On Trump and Queeg: A Followup

Three days ago I argued that if Donald Trump were in any consequential job other than the one he now occupies—surgeon, military commander, head of a private organization or public company, airline pilot—he would already have been removed.

Pay It Forward and Make It Better

A New Generation of Students Is Teaching Us How to Reduce E-Waste

Watch Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez play with a penguin because it’s pure, uncut goodness

The kindest thing I ever saw … “The Guardian’s Upside series asked readers to tell us about random acts of kindness they have witnessed. Hundreds of emails later, we collate the best.”

Elsewhere for August 24, 2019

You should read this for 8/24/2019:

Books, Writing, and Language

Gay-themed books fuel fight over free speech at small-town library in Maine

And more weirdness from Maine libraries: Bizarre counterfeit bills targeting readers of Jewish authors found in Brunswick library
Notice, please the way librarians respond; they are fabulous.

I still miss Bookslut years after it stopped publishing. Bookslut was born in an era of internet freedom. Today’s web has killed it See also: Bookslut is Dead Long Live Bookslut

Food and Drink

Green Chile Enchiladas “These are made with corn tortillas stuffed with roasted green chiles and jack cheese, then smothered with roasted tomatillo salsa verde.”

History and Archaeology

Wooden Stone Age platform found on seabed off Isle of Wight “An 8,000 year-old wooden platform has been discovered on the seabed off the Isle of Wight.”

Science and Nature

Researchers Memorialize First Major Icelandic Glacier Lost To Climate Change

Global heating: ancient plants set to reproduce in UK after 60m years

An exotic plant has produced male and female cones outdoors in Britain for what is believed to be the first time in 60m years. Botanists say the event is a sign of global heating.

Tiny robot finds an asteroid that’s freakishly free of dust This is so very very cool; just read it. More of this, less wall-building crap would be good.



Opt out of all the data sharing you wouldn’t opt in to.

Women’s Work

Megan Riddle: Why Did I Become a Teacher? “After years of trauma went ignored by my school, I decided I couldn’t let other kids suffer like I did”

💩🔥💰 Trumpery 💩🔥💰

Trump Administration ‘Strongly Objected’ to Welfare for Military Families in Poverty

Pay It Forward and Make It Better

Thrupp bus shelter mysteriously made into cosy sitting room

H/T Yasmin: New Calif. freeway bridge to carry wildlife

What3words: The app that can save your life “”I was speaking to a mathematician and we found there were enough combinations of three words for every location in the world.””

Via Twitter: Last night I was in a loo and a woman entered the only other stall crying. I did the awkward shout over and asked if she was ok or wanted to talk about it, or needed a hug Read the thread.

17 times Anthony Hopkins’ Twitter feed was the most wholesome place on the internet

Elsewhere for August 17, 2019

You should read this for 8/17/2019:

Art and Film

Brent Spiner on how Patrick Stewart’s pronunciation of “Data” changed how Americans say the word

Books, Writing, and Language

How To Handle A Lot Of Books In A Small Apartment

On the Gleefully Indecent Poems of a Medieval Welsh Feminist Poet

The Life and Death of an American Indie Press

In the three years that have elapsed since then, her publisher, Curbside Splendor, has withheld all royalties owed to her, according to a series of tweets she wrote on March 21. Victor David Giron, founder and publisher of Curbside, “didn’t honor our contract and kept the money he was supposed to pay me,” Martin wrote. “It was a complete nightmare and enormous waste of time trying to get paid and ultimately I failed and I’ll be pissed about it forever.”

Wood Case Pencils

Ari Reviews Sin and Syntax: How to Craft Wicked Good Prose by Constance Hale

Review of Don’t Believe a Word by David Shariatmadari review – the truth about language See also Shariatmadari’s article: Why it’s time to stop worrying about the decline of the English language

“Not That Kind of Bookstore”: How the Indies Are (Finally) Embracing Romance Romance sales drive publishing and retail sales. Fact. Romance readers are voracious readers, and tend to read widely and suggest books to read extensively to other readers.


Via BBC: A-levels: What subjects are students dropping and why?

Since 2014, the number of A-level entries in arts subjects, which include drama, music and art, in England has fallen by 13,000, almost 17%.
Similarly, there has been an 8% decrease in modern languages and more than a 25% decline in English.
Meanwhile, entries in science, technology, engineering and maths (known as Stem subjects) have increased by 15,500, a rise of 6%.

This is essentially what’s happening in terms of undergraduate enrollments in the U.S.

Top University Of California Scientists Tell Elsevier They’ll No Longer Work On Elsevier Journals

Food and Drink

Bellingham and Whatcom County are now home to 16 popular craft breweries

History and Archaeology

Unusual Parasites Plagued Bronze Age Fen Folk And Their Dogs

H/T Lisa Carnell: Dr. Erik Wade Steve King is wrong about rape in medieval Europe the same way he’s wrong about rape in modern America

Science and Nature

A Tissue Sample From 1966 Held Traces of Early HIV

Last month was Earth’s warmest July on record — and by most measures the hottest month, period.


Sarah Moss: By December, with only three official hours of daylight, I had learned to see modulations of light unnoticeable further south

Social media is helping keep a hilarious and brilliant Scottish language alive

Rude, crude and extremely funny, “Scottish Twitter” has garnered much attention in recent years for its uniquely Celtic wit—and for the specific ways it uses language.


Three Years Of Misery Inside Google, The Happiest Company In Tech

Apple’s new credit card comes with forced arbitration—here’s how to opt out

The History of Clarus the Dogcow

Women’s Work

Pompeii archaeologists uncover ‘sorcerer’s treasure trove’ “Archaeologists working in the buried Roman city of Pompeii say they have uncovered a “sorcerer’s treasure trove” of artefacts, including good-luck charms, mirrors and glass beads.”

“They are objects of everyday life in the female world and are extraordinary because they tell micro-stories, biographies of the inhabitants of the city who tried to escape the eruption,” Mr Osanna said.

Whitney Cummings Posts (Partially) Nude Photo Of Herself In Response To Blackmail Threat; Is That Revenge Porn?

💩🔥💰 Trumpery 💩🔥💰

Ayanna Pressley has a very blunt nickname for Trump

“I call him The Occupant,” she tells Stephen Colbert in the clip above. “He is just occupying space. We went from a president who sang ‘Amazing Grace’ to one who displays zero of it. He does not honour the integrity or the responsibility or the empathy or the compassion — and so for that reason I call him The Occupant.

Pay It Forward and Make It Better

How to Help Teachers Get Classroom Supplies Before the New School Year

Elsewhere for August 10, 2019

You should read this for 8/10/2019:

Art and Film

Scientists name new fossil species after Millennium Falcon from Star Wars

H/T Lisa Carnell: In a Powerful Statement, the Baltimore Museum of Art Is Dedicating All of Its 2020 Programming to Female Artists The Baltimore Museum of Art is planning 13 solo shows for women artists including Joan Mitchell, Candice Breitz, and Katharina Grosse in 2020.

The goal for this effort is to rebalance the scales and to acknowledge the ways in which women’s contributions still do not receive the scholarly examination, dialogue, and public acclaim that they deserve,” said Baltimore Museum director Christopher Bedford in statemen

Books, Writing, and Language

CULC, ALA Denounce Macmillan Publishers’ eBook Lending Model

Under the new model, libraries will only be able to purchase a single digital copy of any new title when it is released for sale to the general public and will be forced to wait eight weeks before they are able to buy any additional copies.

From Canadian libraries:

In a recent letter to creators, Macmillan indicated that library lending was “cannibalizing sales” and that “45% of the ebook reads in the US are now being borrowed for free from libraries”. This claim is fundamentally untrue. Libraries purchase copies of licenses for their users to access at a premium, which is often three to four times the cost of a retail copy: these premium prices are ultimately being paid by Canadian library users, whose taxes fund libraries. These licenses can only be used by one user at a time, mirroring the lending of physical materials. Macmillan also noted that the growth in library ebook use is driven by “seamless delivery”. The delivery of ebooks to library users is far from seamless – restrictive lending models often mean that users must sit on waiting lists for several months.

From the ALA:

“Macmillan Publishers’ new model for library ebook lending will make it difficult for libraries to fulfill our central mission: ensuring access to information for all,” said ALA President Wanda Brown. “Limiting access to new titles for libraries means limiting access for patrons most dependent on libraries.
“When a library serving many thousands has only a single copy of a new title in ebook format, it’s the library – not the publisher – that feels the heat. It’s the local library that’s perceived as being unresponsive to community needs.

Are You Making These Common Grammatical Mistakes? I generally hate this kind of post, but this one is useful.


Why Mathematicians Are Hoarding This Special Type of Japanese Chalk

As a T.A. when I had to teach in a classroom with a black board, I used to bring my own chalk. This chalk is less dusty and dissolves the flesh of my hands less.

A Pen Addict’s Assessment of School Supply Shopping” />

The school list alone, without any of the extras, like shoes or the requested classroom donations, runs about $300 a child. Between the two kids and all the gear they need, we can easily top $1200, if we’re not careful. So we have to be very careful. Every year it gets more expensive (separate gym shoes! Calculators!),

While I am in favor of teachers not buying supplies for their schools, and of the more fortunate helping out the less fortunate, I too think 12 red pens, and a wireless mouse as something every child needs is absurd.

Food and Drink

Caprese Salad with Tomatoes, Basil, and Mozzarella This simple salad with fresh tomatoes, basil, and (my prefernce) buffalo Mozzarello, with a drizzle of olive oil ad splash of balsamic vinegar is the essence of summer, especially if you grew the tomatoes and basil yourself (easy to do even on a balcony).

History and Archaeology

The Professor Who Was Ostracized for Claiming the Civil War Was About Slavery – In 1911

An aging letter from 1911 that I found in the Columbia University archive revealed a story that could be in today’s headlines: people in the Jim Crow South tried to capture the memory of the Civil War for political gain.

Trump’s Tariff War Resembles the Confederacy’s Failed Trade Policies

Current efforts by the United States to put tariff pressures on China resemble the Confederacy’s efforts to pressure Great Britain during the American Civil War. In the early 1860s the Confederate leaders’ strategy backfired, damaging the southern economy and weakening the South’s military. Recent developments in the tariff fight with China suggest that President Trump’s strategy could backfire as well. America’s tariff negotiators should consider lessons from the record of Confederate missteps.

Science and Nature

The Light Sail is Working… It’s Working!

After launching on June 25th, then deploying its solar sail system on July 23rd, mission managers have been working with the solar sail to optimize they way LightSail 2 orients itself towards the Sun. Now The Planetary Society reports that the spacecraft has used its solar sail to raise its orbit.

How we proved this tiny rock came from space

Back in February, I spent a few hours crawling around on my hands and knees on a rooftop in Brooklyn, New York. What I was looking for was smaller than the period at the end of this sentence: nearly invisible micrometeorites that may — or may not — have fallen from space. Surprisingly, I actually found some. I think.

Tardigrades may have survived spacecraft crashing on moon “The tardigrade’s secret is the ability to shrivel into a seed-like pod, expelling nearly all of its water and slashing its metabolism.”


Using Restorative Justice To Deal With Internet Trolls And Jackasses

Mourning for Whiteness

Obama urges Americans to reject leaders who stoke hatred

Former US President Barack Obama has called on Americans to reject language from any of their leaders that feeds hatred or normalises racism.

Obama Still Sounds Like a President

There is the sense of consolation that seemed to come naturally to him—in any case, he got horrifically frequent practice at striking this tone during his eight years in office. There’s moral clarity, identifying the problem as “troubled individuals who embrace racist ideologies and see themselves obligated to act violently to preserve white supremacy,” and (in contrast to Trump) situating the internet’s role not as a cause but as a catalyst. And there is the call to unity that has been his central political theme since 2004: “But just as important, all of us have to send a clarion call and behave with the values of tolerance and diversity that should be the hallmark of our democracy.”

Here is President Obama’s statement on mass shootings is a message for Republicans, Democrats, and the world


How to ditch Google Chrome for Firefox


8chan is all the way down—“It’s DNS. It’s always DNS.”

The most important troubleshooting tool for DNS is a command-line utility called dig. Dig allows you to query DNS records directly; it’s sort of like nslookup on steroids. By default, just like nslookup, dig will query whatever your locally configured DNS server is. But you can ask it to query any arbitrary server directly, and you can ask it for exactly the records you want.

Women’s Work

Whitney Cummings—and her sex robot—take on modern womanhood

I never really understood catcalling until Whitney Cummings explained it in front of a live audience.

AOC calls out Mitch McConnell for pic of his supporters groping a cutout of her See also: Ocasio-Cortez confronts McConnell over photo of men choking cutout of her

💩🔥💰 Trumpery 💩🔥💰

Why Stripping U.S. Citizens of Their Passports Is a Precursor to Genocide

It’s what happened to Jews in Germany in 1938 when their passports were declared invalid. That is what is beginning to happen here, now, to Hispanic citizens along the U.S.-Mexico border.
Oh, is it bad to compare the GOP to Nazis? Well, if members of the GOP do not like being compared to Nazis, they should consider not behaving exactly like Nazis.
Hispanic U.S. citizens, some of whom were in the U.S. military, are not being allowed to renew their passports. This is reportedly happening to “hundreds, even thousands” of Latinos, according to a report in the Washington Post. They’re getting letters from the State Department saying it does not believe they are citizens. The government claims their citizenships are fraudulent. “I’ve had probably 20 people who have been sent to the detention center—U.S. citizens,” Jaime Diez, an attorney in Brownsville, told The Washington Post.

El Paso Shooting Suspect’s Manifesto Echoes Trump’s Language

While other leaders have expressed concern about border security and the costs of illegal immigration, Mr. Trump has filled his public speeches and Twitter feed with sometimes false, fear-stoking language even as he welcomed to the White House a corps of hard-liners, demonizers and conspiracy theorists shunned by past presidents of both parties. Because of this, Mr. Trump is ill equipped to provide the kind of unifying, healing force that other presidents projected in times of national tragedy.

Trump campaign used word ‘invasion’ in more than 2,000 Facebook ads

The shooting suspect in El Paso, Texas, warned of an “invasion” in a racist internet screed before allegedly killing 22 people.
Another person fond of the term: President Donald Trump, whose re-election campaign published more than 2,000 Facebook ads using the word “invasion” since January, according to the New York Times.

Pay It Forward and Make It Better

The rise of ‘ungardening’: how to turn a backyard into a wildlife haven

Elsewhere for August 3, 2019

You should read this for 8/03/2019:

Art, Music, and Film

Star Trek: Picard Timeline Updated and Explained: How Hugh, Data, and Seven of Nine Fit In

Jury: Katy Perry’s Dark Horse’s infringes copyright of earlier song

But Charlie Harding of the Vox podcast Switched on Pop explains that the striking similarities should be free to use by both artists, despite their similarities. Both “Joyful Noise” and “Dark Horse” use derivative descending minor scales in a basic rhythm, Harding said, and both use staccato downbeat rhythms on a high voiced synthesizer which is common in many trap beats.

Books, Writing, and Language

‘Roman Biro’ – complete with joke – found at London building site

The message was inscribed on an iron stylus dating from around AD70, a few decades after Roman London was founded. The implement was discovered by Museum of London Archaeology during excavations for Bloomberg’s European headquarters next to Cannon Street station, on the bank of the river Walbrook, a now-lost tributary of the Thames.

Food and Drink

This invasive bug is terrorizing Pennsylvania growers (and it’s coming for your wine)

Since the bug was first identified in 2014, it has been devastating vineyards and orchards in the Northeast. Lycorma delicatula, named for the lantern-shaped body of the adult that appears to glow under its dull wings, is used in traditional medicine in China, its native land. In the U.S., it was quickly considered one of the most destructive invasive species in 150 years.

Apricot Bread Apricot bread featuring dried apricots, orange juice and pecans.

Via Smitten Kitchen: Ultimate Zucchini Bread

History and Archaeology

Homer Odyssey: Oldest extract discovered on clay tablet

Found near the ruined Temple of Zeus in the ancient city of Olympia, the tablet has been dated to Roman times.
It is engraved with 13 verses from the poem recounting the adventures of the hero Odysseus after the fall of Troy.

Science and Nature

Long Lost Kauri Moth Rediscovered In Queensland After 40 Years In The Wilderness

Got a horrifying foreign superbug? You may have more than one

First spotted in Japan in 2009, this deadly drug-resistant fungus has since appeared around the globe. It has popped up in about 30 countries, including the United States. C. auris tends to stalk healthcare facilities, infecting vulnerable patients who are already sick or immunocompromised. Recent research suggests that it gets around by sloughing off the skin of carriers, shedding millions of infectious cells onto touchable surfaces.


These ancient cells were once part of a dog that roamed the frozen Siberian steppe, a husky-like creature that lived in the time before humans invented the wheel or the plow. Then they mutated, finding a way to evade the canine immune system, a way to outlive their body by finding another. This cancer-cum-sexually transmitted dog parasite still thrives today, the only remnant of that now-extinct Siberian dog race. For millennia, it has been jumping between bodies, spreading like a virus around the world. Canine transmissible venereal tumor, or CTVT, is now found in modern dogs from Malawi to Melbourne to Minneapolis. It’s the longest-lived cancer known to man. But until now, no one had looked deeply into its DNA to trace its evolutionary origins and discover the secrets of its viral success.

See also the original research paper: ScienceSomatic evolution and global expansion of an ancient transmissible cancer lineage.”

Alarm over North Atlantic right whale’s survival after recent deaths “Six right whales were killed in June, and two in July – a potentially devastating blow to a population estimated to be no more than 400.”

Right whales typically feed on the copepod Calanus finmarchicus, a tiny shrimplike creature that is found in abundance in the Gulf of Maine. But according to a paper published this month in the journal Oceanography, warming ocean water has reduced Calanus finmarchicus in the gulf, forcing the whales to hunt further north in the Gulf of St Lawrence, a region with heavy shipping traffic.


Hell is Other Internet People Review of Because Internet: Understanding the New Rules of Language by Gretchen McCulloch. Riverhead Books, 336 pages.

FBI says “extremists” motivated by Pizzagate, QAnon are threats

The modern era of the Internet has given us a seemingly never-ending bounty of farfetched conspiracy theories. Some of the loudest of those fringe movements have become pervasive enough and serious enough to qualify as domestic terror threats, the FBI says.

Right, Absolutely Not “What would the world be like if women were unable to withdraw consent with regard to sex? You would be living in North Carolina, is what.”


The FTC is looking into the Amazon and Apple deal that crushed small resellers “Last year, Amazon cut a deal with Apple to bring direct iPhone sales to its platform for the first time.”

Facebook removed hundreds of fake accounts tied to Saudi government

The ring of accounts consisted of 217 Facebook accounts, 144 pages, five groups, and 31 Instagram accounts, which combined reached more than a million people across Facebook and Instagram, according to the company.

Enough With The Myth That Big Tech Is ‘Censoring’ Conservatives AND That The Law Requires Them To Be Neutral

Women’s Work

RSVP Stationery PodCast: 42: A Woman On The Internet

Pay It Forward and Make It Better

‘Let’s sign’: resources and apps to teach yourself ASL “With the NIDCD finding 13 percent of Americans ages 12 and up with hearing loss, finding ways to communicate between communities is both useful and necessary. That’s where ASL comes in, and there are many resources to teach yourself.”

The Library of Congress Digitizes Over 16,000 Pages of Letters & Speeches from the Women’s Suffrage Movement, and You Can Help Transcribe Them